By: Tania Sweis
October 17, 1779
The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed by Napoleon Bonaparte (France) and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl (Austria) to end the War of the First Coalition. The First Coalition, comprised of Austria, Piedmont-Sardinia, Prussia, Spain (until 1796), Portugal, the United Provinces, and Great Britain, fought to defeat Revolutionary France after France declared war on Austria. The coalition initiated a series of invasions against the premier European power but ultimately failed to triumph. The signing of the Treaty of Campo Formio marked the end of the first phase of the Napoleonic Wars and expanded the French Republic into Austrian territory, significantly reshaping the map of Europe. The Napoleonic Wars continued several years into the 19th century and advanced the concept of a unified Europe. Napoleon harbored a dream of a cohesive European association that would share a currency, civil code, system of measurement and principles of government- concepts that would re-emerge hundreds of years later in the establishment of the European Union.
Tania Sweis is a J.D. Candidate at Berkeley Law. She is a student contributor for Travaux.